Bed bugs are belonging to the family Cimicidae and class Insecta. They are characterized as flat, oval, and wingless. These are reddish-brown bugs that are normally less than 7mm long, have enough long, slender antennae, small legs, and vestigial wings in the form of stubs.
Females can put one to five eggs a day and may produce 200 to 500 eggs in a lifetime. Under ordinary room temperatures and with a sufficient food supply, bed bugs can survive over 300 days. They can run surprisingly fast. They are found in human occupancies, particularly bedrooms, and feed upon human blood. If they don't get human blood, this insect will feed on the blood of rats, mice, rabbits, or chickens. It can persist without food for up to 15 months.